U.S. CABINET FOR MILITARY AND POLITICAL AFFAIRS
Manhattan Project: The Final Steps of World War II
Diretoria: Eduardo Estivalete, Beatriz Achuí, Valentina Nunes, João Otávio Paes de Barros, Eduarda Vieitas, Murilo Dorión
In March 1943, a large number of scientists and officers began to meet secretly in the complex of scientific laboratories located in Los Alamos, New Mexico. It was mid-World War II, and after the battle of Stalingrad, the Allies already had the prospect of victory clearly present. In this context, the Allies declared that they would accept nothing but the unconditional surrender of the Axis Powers. However, even with the possibility of victory, the United States still feared the Nazi nuclear program, in addition to the frightening ascension of Stalin's communist empire. It is in this context that the Manhattan Project began, as an ultra-secret project developed by the US government to produce nuclear weapons to win World War II and establish the United States as the prime military force in the near future. From March 1943 until the end of 1945, scientists, army officers, politicians, and businessmen worked on the development of nuclear bombs, discussed their launch against the Axis countries, and questioned whether they should share this nuclear technology with the other countries to avoid a new arms race. In this important discussion about the launch of an entirely new weapon that would completely change the relationship between man and nature, delegates will face an important ethical dilemma: should the need of winning the war prevail over the human rights of their enemies?